Difference between a Centralised and a Decentralised Exchange

Updated on 25 August, 2022 3:23 PM
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    Cryptocurrency exchanges refer to locations where cryptocurrency can be bought or sold. Although each cryptocurrency exchange has its own set of rules and guidelines, they all give you access to the most widely used cryptocurrencies.

    These exchanges can be mainly of two kinds:

    • Centralised 
    • Decentralised

    What is a Centralised Exchange?

    A platform where you can purchase or sell digital assets is a centralised cryptocurrency exchange. In this case, you must have faith that a third party will keep an eye on the deal and protect the assets on behalf of the buyer and the seller. The blockchain doesn't keep track of their transactions. You must provide your personal information for verification in these exchanges. On the other hand, if you're a business, the exchange will need your corporate details in order to validate your account.

    Your withdrawal quota will rise the more information you give to these exchanges. In the event of a technical issue or if they have any questions, verified users of these platforms can get in touch with the exchange's support team.

    What is a Decentralised Exchange?

    A DEX, or decentralised cryptocurrency exchange, is comparable to a centralised one with the exception that there is no trustworthy third party involved. The blockchain will continue to hold all of the funds used in this exchange.

    These platforms, as opposed to centralised crypto exchanges, allow peer-to-peer (P2P) trade using assets, proxy tokens, or an escrow system.

    In a DEx, you (the client) bring your cryptocurrency to the gate, which keeps it and provides you proxy tokens in its stead. The client can now use these tokens on this exchange's blockchain. These tokens are collateralized by the actual cryptocurrency that is present at the gates. You can request to exchange your current tokens for different tokens by ordering to sell them. The primary highlight of these locations is that your order, its matching procedure, and all subsequent processes are all stored on the exchange's blockchain. You can also exchange any tokens you receive as part of a transaction for actual cryptocurrency.

    Differences between Centralised and Decentralised Exchanges

    Based on some major factors, here are the differences between the two. 

    Centralised Exchanges have more control

    In a centralised cryptocurrency exchange, the entity in charge of running the exchange retains the majority of control over your account. A decentralised exchange, on the other hand, gives you complete control over your account.

    More often, decentralised exchanges are safer

    Exchanges that are decentralised instead of centralised provide more security. Trading on centralised cryptocurrency exchanges carries a substantial risk from hackers. You risk losing your entire deposit if they hack the third party that utilizes private keys to access all of the users' cash.

    Centralised exchanges are more popular

    Due to their earlier entry into the market, centralised cryptocurrency exchanges are currently more well-liked than decentralised ones. Decentralised exchanges lag significantly behind centralised counterparts in terms of popularity, although having peculiar benefits over them in terms of wallets and accounts. This is due to the greater infrastructure and liquidity provided by centralised exchanges.

    Centralised exchanges usually have higher fees

    Users of centralised systems must pay for their services. Depending on the features each provider offers, these costs vary. For matching orders on the blockchain, decentralised exchanges either charge nothing or very little.

    Centralised exchanges have more trading features

    Centralised crypto exchanges outperform decentralised ones in terms of features. To trade more effectively, you can employ numerous advanced order types, perform margin trading, and use portfolio management tools.


    Centralised exchanges are simpler to control than decentralised ones. Centralised platforms are subject to local regulatory authority guidelines and are required to obtain permits.


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