In the world of cryptocurrencies, markets are often very volatile in nature with yearly highs and yearly lows breaking very quickly. Although this might be an opportunity for traders to make some money, it gives an investor a negative influence who is a believer of the technology and is looking for long-term investing. Developers in the decentralized world realized this very early and this led to the creation of stablecoins.
Stablecoins are a form of cryptocurrencies that possess the same characteristics of an ordinary cryptocurrency but which are backed by real assets/commodities or algorithms. As they are backed, they are stable in nature. This stability gives an investor a chance to invest and hence stay committed to the technology. The two of the most famous stablecoins are USDC and USDT. Here we’ll be covering all about USDT.
Launched in 2014, Tether or USDT is a US Dollars backed cryptocurrency. Tether is the issuer company and USDT is the token issued by them. Tether first issued a stablecoin called Realcoin in 2014 after which it was rebranded to USDT and since then, it has grown to become the third largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. Other Tether-issued stablecoins are - Tether gold (AUXT): pegged to gold’s price, Tether euro (EURT): pegged to the common currency of the European Union, Tether peso (MXNT): pegged to the Mexican peso, Tether yuan (CNHT): pegged to the offshore Chinese yuan.
Similarly to USDC, for every 1 Tether, there is 1 USD in the reserves, hence making the pegging ratio 1:1. USDT is also compatible with many blockchains including Ethereum, Solana, etc. Tether is owned and managed by iFinex which also owns the crypto exchange BitFinex. USDT as a coin is audited and inspected by Freeh Sporkin & Sullivan.
If when a user deposits $50 into Tether reserves, the corresponding amount of tokens i.e 50 USDT is issued to the user. Similarly, in the case of selling, USDT is burnt and removed from circulation for a similar amount of fiat currency. USDT as a coin uses a Proof of Reserves system through which an equal amount of fiat currency is confirmed to back up the number of tokens that are in circulation. It also uses a Proof of Research consensus mechanism which enables transparency involved in showing the available reserves.
USDT as a coin has been in the market for a very long. It has very well tried to address and solve the problem of market volatility and hence become the third-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. Being said, USDT as a coin has faced a lot of questions around the assets and collateral being there with the company, some of which are still unanswered.
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